There are two FDA approved drugs for the treating male pattern baldness: Minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia). Minoxidil works as a biological response modifier whereas Finasteride suppresses DHT in the bloodstream.
Hair Restoration - Rogaine / Minoxidil
Minoxidil is by far the most publicized medical treatment for male pattern baldness. Rogaine for Women is popular in treating female balding. Since it is a powerful vasodilator, it was used in the treatment of hypertension. When excess hair growth was seen as a side effect, it became a potential panacea for hair loss problems.
But its exorbitant cost and side effects such as itching and headaches act as deterrents. Though topical Minoxidil is considered safe when applied on the scalp, it is not recommended for persons with heart problems. Minoxidil primarily works to stimulate hair growth but it does not attack the cause of hair loss. It falls under the category of 'Potassium Channel openers'. When excessive Minoxidil is absorbed into the system it can result in vision changes, chest pain and irregular heartbeat. Some women complain of additional unwanted facial hair.
Hairloss Treatment - Finasteride / Propecia
Oral Finasteride is an anti-androgen drug that is used to inhibit 5-alpha reductase. Though widely used for treating male pattern baldness, Propecia is not used to treat hair loss problems in women. In fact, women who are pregnant must not even touch such medication as it may adversely affect a male fetus.
Laser treatment for Hair fall
We have heard of lasers being used to remove unwanted hair. Now the laser can help arrest falling hair. The laser sets off a process called photobiostimulation that energizes the scalp. This process stimulates blood flow that results in better hair growth.
Hair loss Treatment - Hair transplantation
Hair transplants are surgical procedures that take hair from the back of the head and move it to the area of hair loss. The hair on the back and sides of the scalp are immune to hormones causing androgenic alopecia. This surgical procedure can create natural hair appearance with micro and mini grafting techniques. With improved instrumentation, hair transplant surgeons can even reconstruct a new hairline. Modern day hair transplantation procedures are safe when conducted by a skilled surgeon.
Hair loss Treatment - Cosmetic Remedies
You can camouflage thinning hair with the right hairstyle. Cutting hair short and blunt makes for a fuller and less patchy look. A skilled hair stylist can suggest a style that would take care of covering a receding hairline or thinning hair on the crown. A person with fine hair will find it harder to cover bald spots. With light colored hair, it is easier to camouflage hair loss patches. Gels are best avoided by those battling hair loss in patches, as the hair will stick together in lumps causing the scalp to be seen. It would be better to use a light spray if required.