Babies cry for different reasons, they cry when they are hungry, thirsty, when they need more attention and when they are sleepy but when a baby cries non-stop for more than three to four hours in a day and for three to four days in a week then it's likely to be a case of infant colic. The word colic is derived from a Greek word meaning pain, but infant colic is not due to pain. It is essential that the parents stay calm and composed else they will stimulate the baby's colic. Never get frustrated, it can worsen colic in the baby.
What is infant colic?
Uncontrollable and continuous crying of a baby for long hours even while the baby is feeding well and healthy usually is indicative of infant colic. The baby cries severely for long stretches. Colic in infants is not dangerous however it worries the parents till the infant settles down. Almost 20% of babies suffer from infant colic. Infant colic sets in as early as two weeks and can last up to three months or even more.
Possible causes for infant colic
The exact cause for colic in infants is not known. Earlier colic was related to the baby's digestive system. Gas in the abdomen aggravates colic but it cannot be said that colic is caused due to gastrointestinal problems. In fact babies suffering from colic pass a lot of gas but gas does not cause colic. Another possible cause for colic in infants could be attributed to the infant's temperament and undeveloped nervous system. Temperament of the baby makes the baby react in different ways to the changes in the surrounding environment. Since the nervous system of the baby is undeveloped, the baby is incapable of controlling its cry once it begins.
Symptoms of infant colic
Treatment and prevention for infant colic
Colic in infants is common and requires no medical treatment. Medicines are available to soothe the abdominal symptoms and release the trapped wind.
Tips for parents to deal with infant colic