Nature and human biology are wonderful team workers; they work so wonderfully that they often prevent a woman's body from carrying forward any pregnancy that might lead to the birth of a defective child. Miscarriage without doubt takes a toll on any couple. A better understanding of miscarriage, symptoms and signs of miscarriage, symptoms and signs of early miscarriage and pregnancy after miscarriage will throw light on recurrent doubts that arise in the anxious minds of any couple.
Miscarriage is defined as the loss of a pregnancy spontaneously before 24 weeks. Research points out that one quarter of pregnancies miscarry, the high risk stage being between six and eight weeks, dating from the last menstrual period. Various terms are used to identify miscarriage; an internal examination by the doctor will throw light on the type of miscarriage. The feel of the cervix aids in determining the stage of miscarriage.
Incomplete miscarriage: The cervix is by and large open and though the miscarriage is happening beyond doubt, there is little tissue left in the uterus.
Complete miscarriage: The pregnancy is lost totally and the cervix closes leaving the uterus clear.
Missed miscarriage: The woman experiences no bleeding though the pregnancy has stopped growing for a few weeks. There is sudden blood loss and termination of pregnancy signs.
Threatened miscarriage: The cervix is tightly closed and in spite of bleeding; this pregnancy generally continues to full term.
Inevitable miscarriage: The cervix is open and there is bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy; this pregnancy is for sure to be lost.
Chemical pregnancy: This is an early miscarriage.
Molar pregnancy: Medically called hydatidiform mole, hydatid stands for 'water filled cysts'. It is caused due to abnormal development of the placenta and is a rare occurrence.
Choriocarcinoma is a rare tumor type that develops in one out of every 40 Hydatidiform moles and in one out of 20,000-40,0000 pregnancies in the US. More instances of Choriocarcinoma are noticed in India, Paraguay, Mexico and Sweden.
Blighted ovum: Also known as 'an embryonic pregnancy', this condition occurs when the egg fertilizes and implants in the lining of the uterus and the cells stop dividing and differentiating as they should do as a rule to produce a baby.
Ectopic pregnancy: Otherwise known as the 'out of place' pregnancy, it occurs when the egg fertilizes and implants itself before it reaches the uterus. Usually the egg implants itself in the fallopian tube.
Sign of miscarriage
Most miscarriages occur during the first trimester. As no two women have the same signs while pregnant, similarly no two women will have the same signs while having a miscarriage. Given below is a list of signs and symptoms of a miscarriage.
Spontaneous loss of pregnancy at some stage in the first 20 weeks of gestation can be termed an early miscarriage. Nearly 30% women experience early miscarriage. Often it happens even before they identify that they are pregnant. The main cause for early miscarriage is associated with an unhealthy fetus that has little or no chance of survival.
Signs and symptoms of early miscarriage
How to prevent miscarriage
Though often a miscarriage cannot be avoided as it results from chromosomal abnormalities, care can be taken to avoid it. Ensure that you have a healthy environment for healthy conception.
Pregnancy after miscarriage
One miscarriage or repeated miscarriages does not mean a woman cannot bear healthy children.