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Spotting or bleeding is very common among menstruating women; almost all women report of a spotting incident during some point in their cycle. Bleeding or spotting could occur just after the full bleeding period or just before a full bleeding period is expected, or in between the cycle. Many a time bleeding or spotting in between cycles is considered as normal. But it could also be an important indication to some major or small problem with the uterus. Check out the ramifications of mid cycle bleeding. What is mid cycle spotting ?
What is mid cycle bleeding ?
Mid cycle bleeding can be defined as bleeding from the cervix, perineum or vagina that is severe and occurring between anticipated periods. It is also referred to as acute bleeding, bleeding between periods, intermenstrual bleeding or vaginal bleeding between periods.
Mid cycle bleeding usually happens 10-16 days after the last menstruation period. The bleeding is usually very little and can last from 12 to 72 hours. If the bleeding is heavy during this time, you must contact your physician for more information on the same.
Mid cycle bleeding happens in almost 30% of the women and is thought of as normal. A sudden increase and fall in the estrogen level during the ovulation period weakens the endometrium thus causing the bleeding. This is considered normal and the patients are usually given estrogen supplements. The most common cause for mid cycle bleeding in a healthy woman is attributed to changes in estrogen levels in the body. Mid cycle bleeding can also occur in women who have some other problems and in such cases the bleeding is often heavy. Some data suggest that at least 10 % of women between the age group 15-55 in the US suffer bleeding outside their normal periodical cycle. There are two types of mid cycle bleeding:
Intermenstrual bleeding: Bleeding between two periods.
Metrorrhagia: Irregular bleeding that does not follow a pattern, heavy bleeding is termed as menorrhagia and heavy bleeding during this phase is termed as Menometrorrhagia.
Possible causes for mid cycle bleeding
Hormonal changes in the body
Low thyroid levels in the body
Intra uterine devices (IUD)
Starting or stopping oral contraceptives
Starting or stopping estrogen supplements
GYN procedures like cervical cauterization or CONE biopsy
Few types of drugs
Vaginal infection or injury to the vagina
Women experiencing mid cycle bleeding are advised to rest during this period. Other causes for mid cycle bleeding must be checked for.
Mid cycle spotting?
A small quantity of blood that is passed and is adequate enough to spot your toilet tissue is referred to as spotting. A very small amount of blood is passed out through the vagina, this blood spot can be seen only if the vagina is wiped with a piece of tissue. This spotting does not stain the panty and the mucus is usually pinkish, rusty brown or bright red in color.
Mid cycle spotting occurs ten to fourteen days prior to the commencement of the next cycle and is considered normal. Mid cycle spotting is said to occur during ovulation period and is a normal phenomenon; it is in fact a potential fertility indication. As mid cycle spotting occurs right during the ovulation period, it helps in calculating the peak period of fertility. Ovulatory spotting as mid cycle spotting is called, helps in determining the exact ovulation period in a woman and in turn helps planning pregnancy.
Possible Causes for mid cycle spotting
When the egg bursts through the follicle bleeding occurs and this blood shows up as spotting.
During ovulation period, the estrogen level in the body rises and thus forces the uterus to shed a lining which shows up as spotting.
Certain medications affect menstrual cycles and cause mid cycle spotting.
Vaginal or cervical infection.
Any intra uterine devices (IUD) can cause mid cycle spotting.
Low thyroid functions.
Severe health problems such as cancer can lead to this condition.
Birth control pills.
Uterine fibroids or polyps can also cause mid cycle spotting.
Pre menopausal Bleeding
Pre-menopausal women might experience abnormal uterine bleeding. They are usually examined for infections, pelvic neoplasm or Thrombophilia. Imaging and laboratory tests are conducted to identify the cause and arrive at the right therapy. Hormonal therapy is usually the first treatment option. Progestins are often prescribed to stabilize endometrial growth. Irregular or light bleeding is also treated with oral medications. When abnormal bleeding doesn't respond to hormonal treatment, Hysteroscopy or dilation and curettage is done to check for polyps and endometrial cancer.
Endometrial ablation ( a procedure to eliminate the Endometrium - uterine lining), or Electrocautery ( a procedure by which electrically heated probe is applied on the tissue to destroy the offending tissue) might also be considered.