Whiplash injury is caused by combination of flexion and extension of soft tissue in the cervical spine, which involves the muscles, discs, nerves and tendons. Most of the injuries are caused due to sudden collision. Whiplash injuries occur as result of automobile collision, sport injury, fall or assaults.
Typical cervical hypertension injury: Body is thrown forward resulting in hypertension of neck due to head lag. Flexion occurs when the neck has reached the maximum extension.
Rapid deceleration injury: Head is thrown forward with the flexion of cervical spine. The longitudinal distraction and neurological damage may occur due to forward movement causing hypertension in subsequent recoil.
Symptoms of whiplash injury
These signs and symptoms may occur immediately or later. Sooner after the injury the symptoms develop, greater the chances of serious damage. Most common symptoms are:
Diagnosis of whiplash injury
The symptoms of whiplash may resemble other conditions. Diagnosis procedure of whiplash include the following:
Computed Tomography: This technique uses the combination of X-ray and computer technology to produce a cross-sectional view with detailed image of the affected parts of the body. Soft tissue near neck may not be visible in the X-ray.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): It is a diagnostic procedure used to show the detailed images of organs and structure within the body. This diagnostic procedure is combination of large magnets, radio frequencies.
Treatment for whiplash injury
Treatment for whiplash injury has to be determined by the physician based on the following factors ...
Prevention of whiplash injury
Whiplash injury can be avoided by taking necessary precautions.