Also referred to as CP, cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that shows up during infancy or in early childhood thus affecting body movement and muscle coordination permanently. The condition once developed does not get worse over time as this is a non progressive disease. Though the muscles are affected due to cerebral palsy, it is not the muscles or the nerves that cause cerebral palsy.
It is caused due to defect in the part of the brain that controls the muscle movements. Studies prove that people from the Asian subcontinent and in particular people from South India and Srilanka are exceedingly prone to cerebral palsy. The high melanin content in the skin permits light to mutate genes that speed the onset of the disease. Check out the symptoms of cerebral palsy and possible causes. Read on to learn more about spastic cerebral palsy and the pathophysiology of cerebral palsy.
Cerebral palsy can usually be identified before the child reaches three years of age. In severe cases the disorder can be identified even before the child is three months old. The symptoms for cerebral palsy vary from individual to individual. Typical symptoms of cerebral palsy:
Cause of cerebral palsy
The cause for cerebral palsy has not yet been found, over years doctors have been debating on this issue and have been left clueless. This defect is associated with not just a single disorder but involves a set of disorders. The most common causes for cerebral palsy are listed below:
Cerebral palsy treatment
Cerebral palsy has no permanent cure but treatment will enhance the child's ability. Early treatment helps manage developmental disabilities and aids in learning better methods to complete any task that challenges the person. If cerebral palsy is handled appropriately, children affected can grow up to lead near-normal lives. Various treatments offered for people suffering from cerebral palsy include
Spastic cerebral palsy
The most common type of cerebral palsy is spastic cerebral palsy; about 50% of cerebral palsy diagnosed is of this kind. Main features of spastic cerebral palsy:
If spastic cerebral palsy is mild it affects only a few muscles whereas if it is severe it affects the whole body. Depending on the severity of the disorder different limbs are affected in different people.
Pathophysiology of cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy is caused when the premature brain in the baby is abused either before birth, during the birth process or in the postnatal period. When the higher brain centers are abused it leads to cerebral palsy, abuse to the cerebral cortex/corticospinal tracts cause spastic cerebral palsy. Abuse to the cerebral cortex leads to contraction of the muscles and if the basal ganglia are abused, posture of a person and the automatic movements of the body is affected. Abuse to the cerebellum leads to balancing disorders, tremors etc.