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Non-exercise Activity Thermogenesis

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Is there a way to burn more calories apart from exercise? Wondering if routine activities ever contribute to burning calories? Feel assured that it does. Pacing around while talking on the phone, walking down the stairs or climbing up the stairs, walking to the car, washing dishes by hand, doing yard work, playing with kids, walking up to your colleague's desk instead of sending an e-mail, carrying groceries ignoring cart – increase your NEAT.


So, it's just not sport or formal exercises that expend a lot of calories. Many are unaware of the power of utilizing NEAT. There is a bit of chemistry in understanding and utilizing NEAT.


About NEAT

NEAT stands for non-exercise activity thermogenesis (calorie burning capacity). According to NEAT, but for the time when you are seated in a chair or a couch, sleeping, or engaged in a formal exercise session or sports like activity- NEAT is at work.


NEAT is the energy used for every physical activity throughout the day like dancing, going to work or school, walking in the mall, swimming etc. Calories are expended when you walk, shop, chew, stand, pace, talk, fidget or simply change postures. These are spontaneous everyday activities. Simply put, NEAT involves getting more exercise without actually going to the gym or engaging in a formal exercise regimen. NEAT does not include the calories burnt during intense exercise such as running, swimming or aerobics.


NEAT's contribution to body

NEAT plays a critical role in maintaining body weight. The basis of NEAT is the body doesn't classify an activity as an exercise or otherwise. Research by Dr. James Levine, the proposer of NEAT suggests that NEAT burns an average of 330 calories per day in healthy individuals and up to nearly 700 calories per day in some people. NEAT has a powerful effect on how many calories we burn and how much we ultimately lose.


Fat gained = Calories In – Calories Out


Wherein,

Calorie = Simple measurement of energy

Calories in = Food you eat/drink is calories in

Calories out = Energy used by the body by burning calories.


Calories out is more accurately termed as total energy expenditure or TEE which has four components.

TEE = BMR + TEF + NEAT + EPOC + Exercise. (70% + 5% + 15% + 10%)


Wherein,

BMR = Metabolic housekeeping tasks like breathing, maintaining body temperature, keeping the heart pumping, maintaining the vital organs, brain functions, liver function, kidney function etc. It is the major component of TEE (70%)


TEF = Energy used in digestion and absorption of food energy. (5%)


NEAT = NEAT is the energy used in activity other than sleeping, eating or exercise; for instance, in walking, gardening, cooking, cleaning and shopping. (15%, the second major component of TEE)


EPOC = Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption or after-burn is the energy used in cellular repair, replenishment of fuel stores and other recovery activities after exercise. (10%)


Eating well and NEAT

There is a co-relation between NEAT and eating well as NEAT increases with overfeeding and decreases with underfeeding. This explains that spontaneous physical activity is not spontaneous at all but carefully programmed.


NEAT for all

NEAT is for all and works for all. Studies have shown that NEAT varies greatly from person to person and that those who engage in the most NEAT burn far more calories during the day (and are consequently leaner) than those who are mostly sedentary. It is most appropriate for those who find losing weight a challenge. They can, besides doing formal exercises adjust NEAT factor. It does actually offer significantly higher rewards.


NEAT for obese people

Dr. James A Levine is a world authority and USA's specialist on obesity. Decades of research dedicated to obesity by Dr. James and his team point out that low NEAT and sedentary lifestyles are major causes of obesity, diabetes, breast cancer, and two dozen other chronic disease and conditions.


Health professionals define overweight as a body-mass index (BMI) between 25.0 and 29.9, and obesity as a BMI of 30 or higher. (BMI is a measure of weight that takes height into consideration). Calculate BMI here.


Bodyweight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared

or

BMI = x KG / (y M * y M)


Where:

x=bodyweight in KG
y=height in m


Use the BMI interpretation table.

BMI INTERPRETATION

Under 18.5 Underweight
18.5 - 24.9 Normal
25 - 29.9 Overweight
30 and over Obese

Research indicates that obese people (people with sedentary life-style with similar jobs selected) sat an average of two-and-a-half hours more per day than lean people. Also, lean people stood or walked more than two hours longer each day than obese people. Low levels of physical activity are associated with obesity. And, caloric expenditure by physical activity can vary by 3-fold from the extremely active to those who are sedentary.


Reconfirm your BMI calculation with a visit to a dietician. Talk about your food intake and caloric consumption. Discuss to estimate how many calories you ought to burn to lose weight. Remember, it would be more calories than you consume. Only then the body loses weight.


Determine diet changes. There is no perfect formula. But, make up your mind to increase your activity level. NEAT could burn up to 1000 calories per day. The more conscious non exercise based activity you do in a day; the more calories you will burn. Make the most of NEAT opportunities to move than you already do in a day.


  • Keep a tab that an hour at the desk is followed by getting up and walking around for 5-10 minutes
  • Take the stairs.
  • Work at a standing desk if possible.
  • Schedule a walking meeting if possible.
  • If you need to compulsorily sit and work, don't sit still. Move around the chair a lot.
  • Choose the farthest parking slot to create an opportunity to walk.
  • Allot 10 minutes of lunch break to walk. Either eat then walk or walk first and then eat.
  • Finish dinner and spend the next 30 minutes walking-around. Don't slouch on the living room couch.
  • Pace around while you talk on the phone.
  • Opt to stand and talk instead of being seated when talking across the table.

NEAT's relation with fat gain

The relation is that people with greatest increase in NEAT exhibit the smallest fat gain and vice versa. Even if a person overeats and activates NEAT, excess energy is dissipated to preserve leanness. On the other hand failure to activate NEAT may result in instant fat gain.


Overfeeding:

Low NEAT response = fat gain

High NEAT response = stay thin.


Classification of NEAT

The two classifications are NEAT associated with occupation and NEAT associated with leisure or otherwise work NEAT and leisure NEAT.


NEAT ways to burn extra calories

Though NEAT activities are the smallest daily contributor to energy expenditure, NEAT has been found to be an important gauge for weight loss or weight gain. Study on NEAT indicates fidgeting-like activities increased energy expenditure when compared with relevant motionless state. Here are many ways to increase NEAT.


  • Pace while waiting for the train
  • Make your bed every day
  • Take the stairs wherever possible and skip the elevator or escalator
  • Serve yourself tea/coffee or breakfast from the kitchen instead of being served
  • Cook more often. Chop vegetables, move cookware.
  • Park far from your destination and walk
  • Run local errands by foot instead of taking the car
  • Take the long (er) path
  • Sweep instead of vacuum where appropriate
  • Do stretches several times a day
  • Fold the laundry.
  • Iron clothes.
  • Arrange clothes in the wardrobe.
  • Deliver an item to a co-worker instead of sending it via internal mail
  • Walk to a restaurant a little further away for lunch
  • Play with your kid in the park instead of just sitting on the bench
  • Chop your own veggies instead of buying pre-cut ones
  • Walk your dog instead of letting to roam
  • At parties drink standing up. Don't shy to tap feet on the dance floor.
  • Mow the lawn with a push mower.
  • Get a pedometer to track miles walked and calories burnt or
  • Get a BodyMedia Armband or a Fitbit
  • Track weekly activity in a chart.

On the whole, sit less. Or simply put - you ought to be in constant motion. It could be arm and leg swinging, swiveling or moving the chair around, twirling pens in the hand, tapping feet/or fingers, swaying to/fro or side/side, pacing while thinking about something or talking to someone etc.


NEPA – non exercise physical activity

Non-exercise physical activity is one of the behaviors that are associated with thinner people. They just move more! Over time the additional movements expend more calories. It is not just the gym that is your calorie burning station. Don't fail to take into account the extra calories lost during daily non-exercise activity. Besides burning the calories, it offers some degree of protection from metabolic syndrome and raised triglycerides.


Other healthy reasons to do NEAT


  • When the body is not moving around, insulin sensitivity drops and the enzymes responsible with fats in the body are adversely affected thus increasing risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.
  • A sedentary lifestyle makes the body prone to postural problems, muscular imbalances, and decrease in overall flexibility.

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